Epee is the descendant of the dueling sword and was long used for settling disputes. Epee is similar in length to the other fencing weapons, but is slightly heavier and has a larger bell guard. The fencer's entire body is target. Touches are score with the point of the blade.
Foil is the oldest weapon and was designed to kill the opponent, therefore the target area includes the vitals organs . It does not include the arms, legs, head and neck. Fencers must wear a metallic vests where touches are score with the point of the blade.
Saber is the modern version of the slashing cavalry sword. The target is from the hips to the top of the head, simulating the target areas of cavalry riders on horseback. Saber fencers also wear metallic jackets. Touches are scored by point and blade.